Read the text below and decide which word a , b , c or d best fits each space. There is an example at the beginning (0).
Safer driving with hands off
SCIENTISTS are developing cars which (0)___ hands-free driving on British motorways.
Computers will be (1)___ to sensors to control steering, speed and braking.
Drivers will (2)___ push a button to let the car take the strain.
Automatic steering systems will (3)___ cars in lane.
Cruise control will kepp speeds at a steady level by opening or closing the (4)___
Ultrasonic anti-collition devices will (5)___ safe, efficient distances between vehicles, (6)___ operating brakes.
Research is being (7)___ by Professor John Turner, head of Automotive Engineering at Southampton University and by experts (8)___ in Britain and overseas.
The work reflects a global increase in traffic (9)___ motorways.
A Transport Department report last week showed that car (10)___ in London (11)___ by 20 per cent in the last ten years, putting (12)___ strain on motorways.
British experts have already found a way to keep cars in lane (13)___ driver control. ‘The system uses TV cameras at the front of the car, which (14)___ up white lane markings,’ says Turner. ‘Images are (15)___ into computers linked to the steering mechanism. The problem now is (16)___ the cost and weight of the equipment.’
Expensive cruise-control devices are also being (17)___
If all cars were programmed to travel at say, 65 mph experts believe (18)___ more vehicles would be able to use the motorways without traffic jams and in greater safety
Professor Turner’s team at Southampton is also engaged (19)___ research with Ford in collision-(20)___ systems using radar and ultrasonic equipment.
0 a let b provide c allow d devise
1 a powered b linked c fed d combined
2 a simply b effectively c casually d effortlessly
3 a hold b sustain c keep d retain
4 a brake b throttle c clutch d valves
5 a provide b be allowed c insist d mantain
6 a even b although c without d simply
7 a made b carried out c operated d looked into
8 a overall b elsewhere c scientists d throughout
9 a stopping b gripping c clogging d obstructing
10 a journeys b routes c travels d tours
11 a will increase b rose c have mounted d had risen
12 a spacious b extensive c immense d large
13 a without b outperforming c solely d providing
14 a show b pick c beam d reflect
15 a linked b sorted c classified d fed
16 a lowering b to sink c to reduce d deducting
17 a changed b purified c adopted d refined
18 a lot b much c many d various
19 a at b with c for d in
20 a avoidance b preventing c aversion d evasion